Slideshows and Multimedia

About Slideshows

The 360° media linked by HotSpots represent the Locations in the virtual world you are building. This world is further enhanced when you add multimedia content including photographs, videos, sound files, 3D objects, reports and other documents as .pdf files. It is even possible to create multiple choice quizzes and add them to specific Locations in your project. This content is displayed as Slideshows associated with specific Locations and accessed by the user via InfoSpots.

present4D includes a user-friendly process to import both 360° media and the content for Slideshows. You can define Slideshows when you first create a project or anytime later to enhance your project with more details. Slideshows can also be set up externally using the Advanced Import method. While this method can be very fast, it requires the user to follow strict rules regarding file and folder name conventions.

Follow: Add Slideshows and Multimedia

Mediatypes Overview

Slideshow Folder can contain the following media types (even mixed):

  • Images, including stereoscopic images (transparency will be obeyed with .png’s)
  • Video, including stereoscopic images
  • Audio, stereo or 3D format
  • 3D Objects
  • Documents in .pdf

Special Formats

  • Overlay Media, include perspective media files
  • Quiz, inlcude single and multiple choice quizzes and surveys

See also Codecs: Codecs and File Formats

Opening and Closing of Slideshows

Slideshows appear in the project as clickable “Infospots” that are labeled by the Editor.

In VR Mode:

  • To open a Slideshow, use a VR click on the InfoSpot.
  • To close a Slideshow, rotate your head by 90 degrees to the side.

In non-VR Mode:

  • To open a Slideshow, click the left-mouse button on the InfoSpot.
  • To close a Slideshow, click the X button in the upper-right corner of the Slideshow window.

Automated Navigation Buttons

All the navigation buttons for a Slideshow are automatically shown or hidden, as needed. When there is multiple content in a slideshow, such as multiple photographs, the slideshow starts playing automatically. The user can also manually navigate through the content with left and right arrows.

Using Videos in Slideshows

A video played in a Slideshow has the standard controls for play, pause, restart, and a timeline. To advance the video forward, click onto the desired position in the timeline.

Duration Setting for Slideshows

For Slideshows with multiple images or documents, you can adjust the length of time the files are displayed.

  1. Editor Start Mode
  2. Launch the iMenu
  3. Select the Settings tab
  4. Scroll down to Slide Duration
  5. Choose the number of seconds you want each file to be displayed

For advanced users: To use the Individual setting, you can set individual durations for each Slideshow in the media.xml.

Related link to the settings: Slide Duration.

Videos run until the end, then switch to the next content.

Add Slideshows and Multimedia

There are two ways to import media files into your project and create a Slideshow:

  1. Use the Step-by-Step Import process from the iMenu (in present4D’s Editor Mode) and create Slideshows for each Location
  2. Use the external, Advanced Import process to copy media files into the correct folder structure using Windows Explorer (file manager) and import the entire folder structure at once

Both methods require use of Windows Explorer to select files. This must be done when not using VR goggles.

Step by Step Import

The first steps are to open your project, start Editor Mode, open the iMenu, and select the desired Location where you want to add a Slideshow:

  1. Editor Start Mode
  2. Launch the iMenu
  3. Highlight the name of the Location where you wish to create a Slideshow.
  4. Select the Arrow in a Circle icon to the right of the name. This causes the selected Location to be loaded.
  1. Choose the tab Media from the top of the dialog box.
    • Choose from the options on the bottom of the dialog box to add that type of media files to your project.
  2. Choose the Slideshow icon to make files available to the user by clicking an Infospot. This causes Windows File Explorer to open so you can select the desired files.
    • Browse to the desired Location on your hard disk and select the media files to be inserted into this Slideshow. Choose one or more files to open with the following extensions: Image files such as .jpg, .png, Acrobat documents in .pdf, or video .mp4 files.
    • Enter the name to be used for the Infospot for this Slideshow (the file name of the first item is the default name). See also: Multimedia Types and Dimensions
  3. Choose the Sound icon to add a looping sound effect to the Location.
    • Follow the steps described above for Slideshows, except choose a .wav file to play.
    • The sound loops continuously as long as the Location is displayed.
    • If you add two sound effects, they play simultaneously.
    • Sound added with this feature will also continue to play even if a video file is added that also has sound.
    • See also: Audio Files
  4. Select the POI icon to add a label to the Location.
    • The label consists of a headline and an optional sub-headline.
    • Click the green check mark or press the Enter key to complete the label.
    • You can add multiple POI labels and drag them to any position.
    • (Also available in VR edit mode)
  5. Select the Quiz icon to create a multiple choice quiz and enter the name for the quiz slideshow button.
    • Read more about the Quiz
  6. Choose the 3D icon to add a view of a 3D object to your project.
    • Follow the steps described above for Slideshows, except choose the folder that contains all the files for the 3D object, including textures.
    • A view of the 3D object is opened in a circular window where it can be rotated in 360°. See the section, below on 3D Objects for more information. See also 3D Object Viewer

Advanced Import

Experienced users who are already knowledgeable with present4D folder structure may want to save time by gathering all their slideshows and other multimedia content together externally. In this case, you manually create subfolders under the folder for the desired Location. When you open the project in present4D, it automatically adds the multimedia content to each Location.

Follow the chapter Import - Advanced

Multimedia Types and Dimensions

Images and Videos

For best fit for Slideshow images and videos use images with a 16:9 ratio of width to height.

Normal Content

Maximum Dimensions
1920 x 1080 pixels
Recommended Dimensions
1280 x 720 pixels


Using larger formats may result in poor image quality.

Stereoscopic Content

Maximum Dimensions
1920 x 2160 pixel
Recommended Dimensions
1280 x 1440 pixelss
Format Convention Top / Bottom Format
The left image needs to be on top
Name Convention
The name must contain “stereo”. Example: mypicture-stereo.jpg


Using larger formats may result in poor image quality.

Audio Files

See also: Codecs: Codecs and File Formats

3D Directional Sound

  • Sounds are stored as 3D directional sounds.
  • In VR mode, the position of the sound is acoustically located in the 360° image and moves with the head rotation.
  • The sounds can be moved like HotSpots by dragging the speaker icon in the 360° view.

Background Sounds - Advanced

Using the Advanced Import process it is possible to define a background sound like this:

  • Any audio file with a name that ends in _bg will be used as background sounds.
  • Background sounds are played in stereo, like for example a piano playing in the background.

For example:

  • If the filename is piano_bg.wav, the sound will be played in stereo
  • If the filename is piano.wav, the sound can be positioned in 3D

See also Import - Advanced

Global Background Sound - Advanced

Using the Advanced Import process it is possible to define a sound that play throughout the whole project. For more information, see: Global Background Sound

See also Import - Advanced

3D Object Viewer

3D Objects Overview


Similar to a Slideshow, it is possible to add a view of a 3D object to your project. Each 3D Object view can only contain a single 3D object and these files cannot be mixed with other media files.

In VR mode, you rotate the 3D object by moving your head. To close the 3D view, our head to the side. In non-VR mode, rotate the 3D object by dragging it with your left-mouse button.

Size of 3D Objects

Please note that 3D models are preloaded when changing the Location. Since 3D models may have a large amount of data, it may slow down the performance, especially with mobile devices. To avoid performance issues, it is recommended that you do not add several large 3D models to any one Location.

3D objects are created with a large number of small surfaces, called polygons. The maximum number of allowable polygons in 3D objects placed in a present4D presentation depends on the hardware that will be used to view the project.

Rough Guidelines

To be viewed on smartphones or other mobile devices
  • Use a maximum of 150,000 polygons per model
  • Use less tan 70 different Materials if possible
  • File size preferably below 50 mb (but can be more under certain circumstances)
  • Format: .obj
To be viewed with an Oculus headset
  • Use a maximum of 15 million polygons per model

Supported 3D Formats

present4D supports 22 different 3D formats including 3DS, OBJ and BLEND:

List with 22 supported 3D formats

  • 3DS
  • 3MF
  • AC
  • AMF
  • ASE
  • B3D
  • BSP (Q3D)
  • BVH
  • DAE
  • GLTF
  • HMP
  • LWO
  • LWS
  • MD2
  • MD3
  • MDL
  • MS3D
  • NDO
  • NFF
  • OBJ
  • OFF
  • PLY
  • Q3D
  • Q3S
  • RAW
  • SIB
  • STL
  • TER
  • X3D
  • XGL

Full list please see:

Options in media.xml for Working With 3D Objects

  • Distance in 3D: distance="2"
  • Area in which you can look at the 3d model without rotating: lookRadius="15"
  • How much you can “tilt” your head until the object rotates: tiltRadius="15"
  • Define how fast does the object rotate: rotationSpeed="0.15"
  • Distance angle until the element fades out: closeRadius="40"
  • Path to the 3D Model: modelURL="\1_1\Muro Man\muro.fbx"
  • Shader: : Works best for most cases: shader="0" - Standard Shader (0) - Wireframe (1) - Wireframe (2)
  • Mobile Unlit (3): Has the best performance. No Lighting.
  • Restrict rotation: - allowXRotation="true" - allowYRotation="true" - allowZRotation="true"
  • Initial rotation: - rotX - rotY - rotZ
  • Scaling the icon: be carefully with scaling the icon. Currently the 3D object will also be scaled. Only possibility to counteract this please change the value distance: <rotatable3DObject distance="6" ....

3D Objects & Conference Restriction

Mirror via Network mode
A current Restriction of this feature is that a maximum of two devices can be connected at the same time. For example, you can connect an Oculus Go and an iPad.


A present4D Quiz is a single - or multiple choice test done with the build-in Quiz Editor.

Follow the chapter Quiz

Overlay Media

With “Overlay Media” you can insert videos or images into a 360° media files in the correct perspective. This allows you to project a video onto a TV for example.

Follow the chapter in options advanced: Overlay Media Display


Place a folder screensaver with a .mp4 video file inside the folder data_myproject.

The screensaver currently works only with Oculus Rift or in webmirror mode with Oculus Go /Samsung GearVR.

Restriction: Confernce & Webmirror Mode: The screensaver will not end if more than two devices are connected to each other.

Functions and Settings

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

The iMenu displays options you can use to change how Slideshows and multimedia files are presented in your projects. To access these settings:

  1. Editor Start Mode
  2. Launch the iMenu
  3. Highlight the name of the desired Location.
  4. Select the Arrow in a Circle icon to the right of the name. This causes the selected Location to be loaded.
  5. choose the tab Multimedia

1. Slideshow Icon Visibility

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

Click the eye icon to the right of any listed media to change when it is displayed.

  • Visible when the eye icon is displayed in bright white
  • Only visible when your focus is nearby when the eye icon is displayed with an arrow
  • Invisible when the eye icon is displayed as grayed out


Restriction: If the distance is set very near, icons should not be set to fade in on mouse over.

2. Deactivate Play/Pause

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

Icon Play/Pause The Play/Pause key can be deactivated in the editor. The slideshow starts paused then. This is useful, when you integrate text-charts.

3. Open Folder

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

Icon Folder opens the selected folder so you can add, delete or rearange the contents. All content will be loaded in real time so you do not need to save or restart present4D.

4. Delete a Slideshow or Other File

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

Use the Recycle Bin icon to delete the highlighted Slideshow, POI, or other file.


The folder and files will pe placed in the Recycle Bin of your operating system (Windows or Mac OSX).

5. Change Slideshow Name

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

To change the name of a Slideshow, POI or other media, select the pencil icon. Backspace over the current name and type in the new name. Click the green check mark to complete it, or press the Enter key.

6. Audio Volume

How to find the Settings for Multimedia

Sound files have a speaker slider bar. To adjust the volume, point to a Location on the white line. The volume will jump there and a preview plays.

FARO Map Options


The Map is only available if the project was created with a FARO ScanPlan Scanner.


In Editor Mode it is possible to exchange the floor plan background.

  1. Editor Start Mode
  2. Open the Map in VR Mode
  3. Select Open Files Folder
  4. Make a backup copy of the floor plans.
  5. Manipulate the floor plans as needed, but keep the dimensions and file format .png!
  6. Back in present4D select Reload Files to import and upload the manipulated files.

Codecs and File Formats

  • .mp4 preferred Format (using Windows 7 and 8 you need to install the included LAWFilter Codec)
  • .mp3 (new in V 2.3)
  • .wmv
  • .jpg
  • .png
  • .wav
  • .pdf

PDF Quality Settings

It is possible to adjust the quality of PDF documents by adding a suffix __ssX__ to the document name. A to high value can lead to edge flickering in the PDF, so it makes no sense to always choose a huge value.

standard quality mydocument.pdf

  • less quality mydocument__ss1__.pdf
  • standard quality mydocument__ss2__.pdf
  • better quality mydocument__ss3__.pdf

wav or mp3?

The .wav format has the advantage that it is compatible with most devices. Since V 2.3 it is also possible to use .mp3. The mp3 files are played natively on mobile devices. On PC and Mac they are automatically converted into .wav files for technical reasons. So if you do not use mobile devices, you can use .wav directly.

Video Tutorials

Visit our Youtube Tutorial Video Channel